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The Influence of Ballot Ranking. Preferential Voting in a Nationwide Constituency in Slovakia.

TitleThe Influence of Ballot Ranking. Preferential Voting in a Nationwide Constituency in Slovakia.
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsSpáč, Peter
Conference Name3rd European Conference on Comparative Electoral Research
Keywordsballot order effect, Candidate, Election, list PR system, preferential vote, preferential voting, primacy effect, recency effect, Slovakia
Abstract

The paper deals with ballot order effect in preferential voting in general elections in Slovakia. The country uses a list PR system with a single nationwide constituency where all members of parliament are elected. Under these conditions the voters face a very numerous lists consisting of 150 candidates. This study covers three consecutive elections from 2006 to 2012 and works with a sample of 2,650 candidates. The results indicate that candidates listed on the top positions strongly benefit from their ranking. The analysis provided outcomes pointing to some advantage also for candidates on the bottom of the list, but this effect is questionable as it was affected by one of the political parties with a largely unique features.

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